Drayton Hall's main house and landscape are open to the public Wednesdays - Sundays from 9 am to pm gate closes at pm.
The home endured occupation of both Colonial and British troops during the Revolutionary War. For reasons still unknown, it is the only plantation home along the Ashley River that Union troops spared during the Civil War. It later withstood the Great Earthquake of In the National Trust for Historic Preservation purchased Drayton Hall to ensure its survival for generations to come. In Edward Mayo received a land grant for acres, a portion of which would become Drayton Hall.
Mayo sold the land inand the new owner, Joseph Harbin, built the first house on the property. The land eventually was subdivided and changed hands many times. In John Drayton purchased the remaining acres and immediately began construction on the current house, which was completed around The land was valuable due to its location along the Ashley River.
The river made Drayton Hall perfect for cultivating Carolina Gold rice, a crop dependent on tides for irrigation. Carolina Gold was grown only in the South Carolina Lowcountry and coastal Georgia and made rice growers in those regions very wealthy. Yet the success of these crops required the forced labor dating online drayton south carolina slaves. Census records show that an average of 45 slaves per year lived and worked at Drayton Hall. Slave women primarily worked in the rice fields, while enslaved men, women, and children worked throughout the property as coopers, blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and house slaves.
When the Draytons arrived in Charleston from Barbados, they brought a slave family by the name of Bowens with them. The Bowens family most likely helped build the house.
It was highly unusual for slaves to have surnames, and several Bowens family members are buried in a cemetery near the main entrance. Many Bowens descendants still live in the area.
The architectural symmetry of a Georgian-Palladian home dictates that the main house be flanked by two identical outbuildings. A laundry flanking and a kitchen flanking completed the Drayton Hall complex; however, the earthquake destroyed the laundry building, while the Sea Islands Hurricane caused the demise of the kitchen structure in Only their foundations remain.
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Thus Drayton Hall remains unchanged from the seven generations of Drayton owners. Students of architecture frequently study Drayton Hall because of its architectural purity. Located beside the plantation house, the privy or outhouse is one of the few surviving outbuildings left on the property. Constructed aroundthe interior once featured seven seats, two with armrests and two lowered for the use by children. Drayton Hall is without question one of the finest of all surviving plantation houses in America.
Its early date,makes its architectural sophistication all the more remarkable. It is far in advance of the great Virginia Georgian plantation houses for which those of South Carolina have a natural affinity. Perhaps because of their relatively comfortable position in South Carolina society at this early date, the Draytons were able to invest in the house a degree of architectural elaboration very rare in America in the first half of the eighteenth century.
The house has a most distinctive monumentality achieved through its spacious four room plan and the somewhat vertical proportions of its two-story elevation on a high English basement capped by a double hipped roof. The land side west of the house features a carefully proportioned projecting two-story pedimented portico with superposed Doric and Ionic orders.
Most of the rooms on the inside are fully paneled and the mantel pieces and classical dating online drayton south carolina throughout are the highest quality. The house further features rich plaster detailing in the ceilings, and a remarkable fully paneled richly carved double staircase. You provide us with the inspiration and financial support we need to keep doing what we do.
Every reader contribution, big or small, is so valuable. If you have dating online drayton south carolina this or found it helpful, please pitch in.
Even donation helps — and it only takes a minute. Thank you! Last Name. Hello everyone, my grandfather is a Drayton from South Carolina.
His name is Edward Drayton. I would love to know more about the Drayton history. My father was Henry Drayton. He had ten kids who all reside in the Washington DC area. My grandmother was Mattie Bowen.
Her father Arthur Bowen. Her mother Maria Augustus. One or all descendants of Barbados. I have nothing to add, but I am a descendent of the Drayton family. I love finding family history. We live on a family farm on the north fork of Long island. This farm has also been held by family since the early s. I look forward to returning to Charleston, S. I researched my family history and my great great grandmother was Plasant Drayton from Drayton plantation. She had 9 brothers and sister. This website serves as a permanent digital archive of over 2, South Carolina landmarks — and counting.
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PayPal Credit Card. Comments Hello everyone, my grandfather is a Drayton from South Carolina. I am a black man whose mother, Thomasina Oreo Drayton, was born in Charleston.