With a personalyou can read up to articles each month for free. Already have an ? Log in. Log in through your institution. The form of English white ball-clay pipebowls can be used to determine accurate mean dates for historical contexts.
The guide even includes an illustrated list of the different kinds of mudwhich in its seriousness may be amusing to some! Most locations have either patches or whole banks of shingle, some interspersed with areas of sand, others with areas of mud.
There are pebbles, mainly flint, which were naturally deposited by successive glacial actions up to the last Ice Age around 21, years ago. For most visitors the fragments of clay tobacco pipe are the most memorable novelties, and a trademark of the Thames foreshore.
Pieces of pipe-stem are easy to pick up in certain areas, complete bowls less so. There are so many fragments, not just because for more than years they were sold filled and routinely chucked when smoked, but also because the hundreds of pipe-makers working along the foreshore would likely ditch their kiln leftovers or rejects into the Thames.
A maker, a teacher of making
Even today most will be found close to where the numerous ferries used to transport workers either across or along the Thames, because although the Thames currents will move many things around over the course of time the mud will also tend to accept, envelope and preserve many things where they fell.
The top pipe bowl above dates from while the one below is a fairly typical decorated one from Tobacco Pipes and a Brazier Hermitage by the Dutch still-life painter Pieter Claesz showing a very similar form to the older pipe bowl above.
Two other common items that can do with a little background are the oyster shells and the animal bones. Oysters have been native to the Thames Estuary since the beginnings of time apparently, and it was only relatively recently that they ceased to be a major food source especially for the poor.
The same applies to the animal bones.
As far as I know the common ingredients are sheep, cow, goat, pig and poultry, perhaps with a portion of horse and even a smattering of boar, especially in the Greenwich area where the Tudor royal palace used to be. I suspect it has more to do with the river bends and the way these influence where the tidal currents deposit different things.
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On a recent visit to part of Rotherhithe on the opposite side, i. After the stones, the bones and the oyster shells, the next most noticeable without really trying are the fragments of pottery. The problem with most of them especially if water-worn.
Above is part of the trademark bearded face from an 18th century German Bartmann jug and below a small piece of 18th century English slipware. I mean the coins dropped throughout the millennia back to even before there were pockets; the tokens, some just as old, which were used in place of money; the religious badges or emblems which pilgrims could buy; the many and various tools, including weapons, used on or around the Thames foreshore.
Except perhaps in one respect. But added to that, a little preparatory knowledge is bound to help even dating clay tobacco pipes. In the first place you should go a little before low tide, to experience the location at its fullest.
But up against the shingle the competition of colours is fiercer so here especially one is much more dependant on form. As an illustration of this, the photo above is what I was lucky enough to notice on a recent visit to my local stretch of Deptford foreshore, and below is what it turned out to be.
17th and 18th century marked clay tobacco pipes from ferryland, nl
These male he were often of dragoons or Turks, presumably because of the convenient headgear shapes. What she first spotted was this.
Only a small part of it was visible and it turned out to be part of a 14th century toy whistle from the Netherlands. What might you find? How can you improve your chances? Name Website.